Definition of Biological Resources: Types & Examples

Definition of Natural Resources & Examples of Natural Resources – Indonesia is a country rich in natural resources. Various natural resources can be found in Indonesia. Natural resources are everything that is produced by nature and can be used by humans to meet their needs. Based on the type, natural resources are divided into two, namely biological natural resources and non-biological natural resources. The following will discuss the definition, types, examples, and benefits of living natural resources.

Definition of Biological Resources

Biological natural resources are all natural resources produced by living things and can be used to support human life. Biological natural resources are natural resources that can be renewed and need to be conserved so that they will not run out if used.

Therefore, it is very important for us to understand and interpret how big the potential of Indonesia’s natural resources is, as is discussed further in the book Methods and Studies of Biological & Environmental Resources.

Examples of Biological Resources

Here is an example:

  • chicken,
  • goat,
  • cow,
  • microbial animal,
  • paddy,
  • sweet potato,
  • corn,
  • cotton,
  • tea,
  • coffee,
  • wood,
  • fish,

For more details, please read the types of natural resources below because they are accompanied by examples of biological natural resources according to type.

Types of Biological Natural Resources

Biological natural resources are divided into two types, namely natural resources derived from plants and natural resources derived from animals.

1. Plant Natural Resources

Plant natural resources are everything that is produced by plants and can be useful for humans. Plant natural resources are divided into three types, namely natural resources derived from forest products, natural resources derived from agricultural products, and natural resources derived from plantation products.

1) Forest Product Plant Resources

Forests are producers of natural resources that store various biological natural resources. Various types of plants that can be used by humans can be found in the forest. Forests are also a place to live and maintain the survival of various wild animals. In addition, the existence of the forest also maintains the balance of nature by producing oxygen which will keep the air condition clean and fresh. Forests in Indonesia are divided into several types, including savanna forests, tropical rain forests, homogeneous forests, heterogeneous forests, and mangrove forests. Some examples of plants that grow in the forest, namely meranti trees, pine trees, teak trees, sandalwood trees, mahogany trees, and resin trees.

The following is a book on forestry natural resource law.

2) Agricultural Plant Resources

Extensive land can be used to carry out agricultural activities. Various kinds of plants that have economic value and are generally used by humans as a food source are planted on agricultural land. Agricultural land is usually found in the lowlands. However, residents in the highlands can also carry out agricultural activities using certain techniques, such as terracing. In carrying out agricultural activities, a good irrigation or irrigation system is needed so that agricultural products can develop properly. In addition, various other agricultural techniques, such as selection of superior seeds and fertilization are also very necessary to obtain quality agricultural products. Some examples of agricultural crops, namely rice, soybeans, corn, green beans, secondary crops, wheat, cassava, peanuts, kale, mustard greens,

In the real world, there are often problems with plant-disturbing organisms that are difficult to overcome, so many farmers use chemical products to eradicate these organisms. However, this also raises other problems which are discussed in detail in the book Introduction to Biological Pesticides.

3) Plantation Resources

Extensive land, apart from being used for agricultural activities, can also be used for plantation activities. In plantation activities, certain plants are cultivated that are needed by humans and have economic value. The plants to be cultivated must be adapted to the conditions of the plantation land because some plants will only grow under certain conditions, such as tea plants which must be planted on plantations in the highlands. Some examples of plantation crops, namely coffee, sugar cane, tea, rubber, oil palm, pepper, and cocoa.

2. Animal Natural Resources

Animal natural resources are everything that is produced by animals and can be useful for humans. Animal natural resources can be renewed through animal husbandry, conservation, fisheries, and so on. Natural resources are divided into two types based on the way of life, namely natural resources derived from wild animals and natural resources derived from domesticated animals.

1) Wild Animals

Wild animals are animals that live and thrive in the wild. Wild animals are still consumed as a food source by some people who live in the interior. In addition, wild animals are also often used as materials for making bags, shoes, crafts, and others. However, the use of wild animals is actually not good because it can damage the balance of the environment. In addition, some wild animals are also protected by the government because they are threatened with extinction. The cause of the endangered wild animals is the decreasing forest area. Much of the forest has been converted to oil palm plantations, industrial activities, and mining. This is of course a threat to the survival of wild animals which basically make the forest their main habitat. Another cause that makes wild animals endangered is poaching. Some examples of wild animals, namely lions, snakes, Komodo dragons, crocodiles, orangutans, and tigers.

2) Pets

Pets are animals that are cared for and tamed by humans. In ancient times, pets were used as a means of transportation, such as horses and camels. Now pets are used as playmates by humans. In addition, pets can also be used to maintain security and to find traces. Some examples of pets, namely cats, dogs, ornamental fish, birds, and rabbits. Pets that can be a producer of natural resources are livestock. Farm animals are animals that are kept, but with different maintenance purposes. If pets are usually cared for and cared for with the aim of being playmates, livestock are cared for and guarded to be used as a source of food, a source to generate rupiah, or a source of energy to help farmers plow the fields.


Benefits of Biological Resources

Biological natural resources become very useful to support human survival. Here are some of the benefits of living natural resources.

1. Benefits of Plant Natural Resources

Plants have many benefits for the environment and humans. Here are some of the benefits of natural plant resources.

1) Plant Natural Resources as Food and Beverage Ingredients

Plants can be used as a source of food and drink. Various types of plants can be eaten directly or processed to be used as a variety of foods and beverages. Types of plants that can be used as food ingredients are grains, vegetables, spices, fruits, and tubers. Meanwhile, some plants that can be used as beverage ingredients are coffee, tea, sugar cane, and fruits that are processed into juice. Plants that are used by humans as food or drink contain fiber, vitamins, and nutrients that will benefit human health.

Here is a book about various preparations from seeds, skin, leaves, wood, and avocado roots.


2) Plant Natural Resources as Building Materials

Some parts of the plant can be used as building materials. Types of plants that can be used as building materials are woody plants, such as teak trees, coconut trees, acacia trees, meranti trees, bamboo trees, mahogany trees, and sandalwood trees. Wood from these various plants can be cut and processed into various building materials, such as doors, windows, roofs, house walls, and support poles. In addition, wood from plants can also be used as various equipment, such as tables, chairs, and cabinets.

3) Plant Natural Resources as Alternative Fuel

Plants can be used as a source of alternative fuels. Utilization of various plants as alternative fuels will be very useful to reduce environmental pollution. Some plants that have the potential to be used as fuel are oil palm, jatropha, and candlenut. Oil palm and candlenut plants can be processed into biodiesel fuel. Then jatropha can be an alternative energy source in the form of biofuel. In addition, plant remains that settle in swamps can also be used as material for biogas production.

4) Plant Natural Resources as Raw Material for Traditional Medicine

In Indonesia there are various kinds of plants that can be used as traditional medicine. The use of plants as traditional medicine has been done since ancient times. Some plants that can be used as traditional medicine, namely ginger, turmeric, kencur, binahong, bitter, god’s crown, and temulawak. These plants have various properties that will nourish the body.

5) Plant Natural Resources as Industrial Raw Materials

Plants are also widely used as industrial raw materials, such as rubber trees and cotton trees. Rubber tree sap can be used as a material for making vehicle tires and various other elastic equipment. Meanwhile, cotton tree fiber can be used as raw material for the textile industry. The process of making cotton fiber into cloth is done by spinning cotton fiber into yarn, then the yarn will be processed into cloth.

2. Benefits of Animal Natural Resources

Animals have many benefits for the environment and humans. Here are some of the benefits of animal natural resources.

1) Animal Natural Resources as Foodstuff

Animals are widely used as a food source. Food sourced from animals is one of the most popular foods in the community. Meat, eggs, and milk from several animals can be processed into delicious food. Apart from meat, other body parts, such as intestines, gizzard, skin, and liver, can also be processed into food. Some animals that can be used as a food source, namely fish, chickens, cows, buffalo, goats, sheep, and ducks.

As a food ingredient, the quality of the nutritional value as well as the active compounds contained in animal resources is very important. Therefore, the Sea Life Food book is here to discuss this further in supporting the improvement of individual and community health.

2) Animal Natural Resources as Clothing

Some animals can be used as quality clothing and high selling value. Animals that will be used as clothing materials must be cultivated to avoid extinction. Several forms of processing animals into clothing materials, namely sheep’s wool as a material for making wool, silkworm cocoons as a material for making silk fabrics, and cow, snake, buffalo, and crocodile skins as materials for making bags, shoes, jackets, and sofa upholstery.

3) Animal Natural Resources as Health Products

Animals can also be used to produce health products. Several forms of health products produced by animals, namely honey which can cure various diseases, milk which can maintain a healthy digestive tract, and swallow saliva can increase the body’s energy and skin health.

4) Animal Natural Resources as Plant Fertilizer

Animal manure can be processed as organic fertilizer or compost that will fertilize plants. Some animals, such as butterflies, bees, and birds, can also help pollinate plants so they can reproduce better.