The greenhouse effect is a term to describe the condition of the earth that has an effect like the greenhouse above. The sun’s heat is trapped by the Earth’s atmosphere. Gases in the atmosphere such as carbon dioxide (CO2) can hold the sun’s heat which causes the sun’s heat to be trapped in the earth’s atmosphere.
Under normal conditions, the sun shines on the earth during the day so that its surface will feel warm. Meanwhile, at night the earth’s surface will feel cold. However, due to the greenhouse effect, some of the heat that should be reflected off the earth’s surface is trapped by greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. That’s what causes the earth to get warmer from year to year.
Do you know? The greenhouse effect can warm the earth to 59 degrees Fahrenheit or 15 degrees Celsius. Thus, the earth becomes a good and livable place. Without the role of the greenhouse effect, the world would only be a frozen and uninhabitable place.
Greenhouse Effect According to Experts
1. New Mexico Energy Association, United States (USA)
The greenhouse effect is an event when heat in the earth is trapped because it is blocked by emission gases such as carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Most of the gas emissions come from vehicle fumes, factories, and forest fires.
2. Environmental Protection Agency (USA)
The greenhouse effect is the process of increasing the average temperature of the earth’s surface due to the thinning of the earth’s atmosphere which can also have an impact on leakage. This causes the weather on earth to get hotter because the sun’s rays are no longer protected by the atmosphere.
3. Natural Resources Defense Council
The greenhouse effect is an environmental and humanitarian crisis that is happening on earth. Earth’s surface temperature is increasing because it is trapped by more and more carbon dioxide gas from day to day. This makes the earth hotter and potentially catastrophic.
Gases that contribute to the greenhouse effect include water vapor (H2O), carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), ozone (O3), nitrous oxide (N2O), CFC (Chloro Fluoro Carbon), and HFC (Hydro Fluoro Carbon). .
These gases are actually needed so that the earth is not too cold. However, since the industrial revolution, gases such as carbon dioxide, methane, and other harmful gases have been increasing in the atmosphere. His concentration is also increasing due to human activities. If the concentration of greenhouse gases increases in the atmosphere, the greenhouse effect will be even greater.
The Process of the Greenhouse Effect
The greenhouse effect occurs through a series of processes, for example in greenhouses used for cultivation, in countries that have winter, or plant experiments in biology and agriculture.
The heat from the sun that enters through the glass roof is partly reflected out of the atmosphere, while others are trapped inside the greenhouse which causes the temperature to rise. Another example, imagine when you are in a car that is parked in the hot sun and your windshield is closed.
The heat that enters through the windshield is partly reflected back out through the windshield, while some is trapped inside the car. This causes the temperature inside the car to be higher than outside.
During the process of the greenhouse effect, there are greenhouse gases that come out and form a layer that covers the earth. The glass gas is carbon dioxide, methane, nitrogen dioxide, and several other gases and is a natural industrial reaction.
If the greenhouse effect gases are released, the particles will be able to rise to the troposphere. Then, a layer is formed that covers the earth. The energies that reflect back to the earth of which 25% are reflected by clouds and other particles, 25% are absorbed by clouds, 45% are absorbed by the earth’s surface, and 10% are reflected again by the earth’s surface.
Keep in mind, the earth we live in is covered by a layer of the atmosphere. Through the process of the greenhouse effect, there are gas particles that float between the earth and the layers of the atmosphere. This causes the geothermal heat to bounce off and must be taken out.
In the process, geothermal heat re-enters which causes the earth’s temperature to rise and then finally warms up. At first, the condition of the earth will only warm up. But if this continues, the earth will not only warm but also become global. This is known as global warming.
The greenhouse effect has many impacts. If we do not immediately move to tackle it, the greenhouse effect will be even greater and can threaten life.
1. Global Warming
Because the greenhouse effect can cause global warming , it will certainly threaten all ecosystems because the earth’s temperature rises which is also discussed in the Global Warming book below.
2. Melting of Ice at the Poles
The next impact is the melting of polar ice which also affects the sustainability of the ecosystem. The melting of the ice causes rising sea levels which can drown low-lying areas.
3. Ecosystem Damage & High Ocean Acidity
Then, the sea will be more acidic because the concentration of greenhouse gases increases. Acidic sea water can kill coral reefs and other ecosystems.
4. Depletion of the Ozone Layer
Finally, the depleted ozone layer can cause harmful ultraviolet rays to reach the earth’s surface.
Causes of the Greenhouse Effect
1. Illegal Logging and Forest Burning
Without us knowing it, plants have many benefits for humans. Apart from being a source of food, plants also function as a medium to reduce the greenhouse effect. For photosynthesis, plants need carbon dioxide and water vapor.
The amount of illegal logging will result in reduced media which reduces the greenhouse effect. In fact, burning forests on a large scale also causes an increase in the greenhouse effect. When forests are burned, greenhouse gases such as CO2 are formed. The gas will be released into the air, then become a barrier to solar radiation.
In addition, increasingly narrow forests can also be the cause of the greenhouse effect. Therefore, it is necessary to investigate the main perpetrators of forest fires on a large scale. Because, forest land has a very important role for living things. Forests are also the lungs of the world that must be protected. The narrowing of forest land will result in worsening weather.
Without forests, there is nothing to help convert carbon dioxide into oxygen. It will interfere with breathing and the occurrence of air pollution. Based on data from the World Bank, 14.5 million hectares of forest are destroyed every year. This is due to various illegal and legal human activities.
Land clearing through burning for industrial and residential areas can also cause a greenhouse effect. In addition, trees that should be able to absorb carbon dioxide will also decrease which in the end can cause various disasters such as floods and the tragedy of logging which is discussed in the book Global Warming.
2. Excessive Use of Fossil Fuels
Fossil fuels such as oil and coal that are used excessively will have a negative impact on air quality. In addition, it can increase the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.
3. Marine Pollution
As is known, the oceans can absorb large amounts of carbon dioxide. However, the sea can be polluted due to industrial waste and garbage. As a result, many of the ecosystems in it are destroyed so that the sea can no longer absorb carbon dioxide as is discussed in the Marine Pollution Textbook below.
4. Agriculture Industry
The use of non-organic fertilizers to increase agricultural yields also has a negative impact on the environment. Because, it can produce greenhouse gases, such as nitrous oxide which is then released into the air.
5. Household Waste
If the household waste is left unchecked, it will gradually produce methane gas and carbon dioxide from the bacteria that decompose the waste. Therefore, to increase awareness, respect, and human responsibility for the environment, there is environmental science that you can learn in the book Ecology of Environmental Health.
6. Livestock Industry
The more livestock waste that is left, the greater the greenhouse gases released into the air. Making Animal & Poultry Feed From Livestock Waste
7. Consumptive Lifestyle
If you consume too much of an item, it can also have a bad impact on the environment. For information, the products used by humans account for 60% of greenhouse gas emitters. How could that be? Yes, this is due to the use of a lot of energy to produce industrial or consumption goods, for example the use of electricity and coal.
The United Nations even estimates that consumers are buying 60 percent more clothes than 15 years ago. However, the clothes purchased were only kept. The same thing happens to electronic products that are rarely used.
8. Plastic Waste
The results of human activities also contribute to the greenhouse effect, such as piles of plastic waste whose volume is uncontrollable. If not decomposed or recycled, the waste will only pollute the environment.
According to research, plastic emits methane and ethylene gases when exposed to sunlight and causes damage. Natural or artificial methane gas can be a major cause of climate change. Because, these two gases have an effect on increasing global warming.
Methane gas ranks second in environmental destruction. Methane gas comes from organic materials, commonly found in the breakdown of bacteria in agriculture, plantations, and livestock. If livestock production is higher, then methane gas will also increase to be released to the earth’s surface.
Methane is a greenhouse gas. Methane can trap heat in the atmosphere and is emitted during the production of coal, natural gas, and oil. Food waste that is wasted and becomes garbage also produces methane. Do you know? Indonesia is ranked number two as a food waste producing country.
To reduce plastic waste that is piling up, many people are trying to use plastic into recycled goods. As one of them is discussed in the book From Plastic Waste to Gasoline & Solar.
9. Carbon Monoxide Gas
Carbon monoxide gas is closely related to human activities. Especially human activities related to motorized vehicles. Carbon monoxide gas will be released by motorized vehicles to cause pollution. One solution to reduce carbon monoxide gas is to limit the use of motorized vehicles. You can walk more or use public transportation. Although not completely overcome, at least it can reduce the production of pollution.
10. Waste of electricity
Excessive use of electricity can cause evaporation of electricity. Therefore, we must be more efficient in using electricity. Use electricity as needed and not carelessly, for example turning off lights when they are not needed.
The electricity tax has already been paid, but saving electricity must still be done to prevent the greenhouse effect. This is not solely because of money issues, but related to environmental health issues. Electricity can increase the amount of carbon dioxide gas on earth and cause global warming. In addition, of course it can damage the environment.
11. Gasoline Fuel
Excessive use of gasoline can also increase the cause of the greenhouse effect. Gasoline fuel used in cars and motorcycles will produce carbon dioxide gas. This gas will greatly affect global warming. In the end, this carbon dioxide gas will catch the hot light. However, the hot light cannot be channeled into space which eventually returns to earth and has a bad impact on air pollution on earth.
12. Uncontrolled Chloro Four Carbon
Chloro Four Carbon is one of the causes of the greenhouse effect that is difficult to avoid. However, CFCs can still be handled and controlled. CFCs are chemicals that are incorporated into household appliances. The equipment can indeed support life, but is not recommended if used excessively. CFCs are usually found in refrigerators and air conditioners.
13. Excessive Use of Tissue
Are you a tissue user? It is undeniable that tissue is an inseparable part of everyday life. However, it turns out that excessive use of tissue can be a contributor to increasing global warming. This is because the tissue is made from wood fibers that come from trees and then processed again using advanced technology.
If the tissue is used more and more, the more wood fiber will be produced. It also causes a decrease in the supply of trees on earth. As a result, oxygen supplies are reduced and result in depletion of the ozone layer. Furthermore, air quality will deteriorate and can harm all creatures on earth.
Grameds can also learn various greenhouse effects in the book Magic Thousand Character Series: The Threat of Global Warming which discusses this topic through illustrations and animations.
14. Industrial Gas
Although gas from industry is the cause of the greenhouse effect, not a few industries ignore it. Gas from this industry can cause air pollution because the factory smoke is excessive and not accommodated properly. The gases produced include carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, and methane gas.
The level of carbon produced by industrial activities was recorded at 412 parts per million in the last 150 years. Meanwhile, carbon dioxide, methane and nitrogen oxides have caused an increase in the earth’s temperature over the last 50 years. The International Energy Agency also noted that between 2000-2016 the People’s Republic of China became the country that contributed the first largest carbon dioxide emissions in the world. Meanwhile, Indonesia ranks 6th after Russia with a value of 2.053 billion tons.
How to Cope with the Increased Greenhouse Effect
1. Save electrical energy
You can use electricity as needed. Thus, you can contribute to efforts to reduce the use of coal which can cause carbon dioxide gas emissions in the air.
2. Switch from Chemical Fertilizer to Organic Fertilizer
In order to increase agricultural yields, we do not have to use chemical or non-organic fertilizers. On the other hand, we can use organic fertilizers with optimal levels in order to produce abundant agriculture. If the use of non-organic fertilizers can be reduced, N2O gas emissions will also be reduced.
3. Using Eco-friendly Fuel
Environmentally friendly fuels are rarely found in Indonesia, such as solar panels and electric fuel. The fuel is said to be friendly because it does not produce pollutants that harm the environment.
4. Treating Livestock Waste
Waste is one of the contributors to greenhouse gases, especially livestock waste. In order to reduce carbon dioxide and methane emissions, the waste can be processed into biogas. The biogas can be used as an alternative energy source to replace fossil fuels.
5. Promote Reforestation
Reforestation is one of many solutions to overcome greenhouse gas emissions in the air. The reforestation plants will absorb carbon dioxide and water vapor as the raw materials for photosynthesis.
6. Limit the Use of Plastic
Plastic is a polymer compound that is very difficult to degrade in the soil. One way to reduce plastic waste is to burn it. However, the combustion will produce carbon dioxide gas which is not small. Therefore, limit the use of plastic by bringing your own water bottle or carrying a cloth bag when shopping.