Herbivorous animals eat various types of plants, seeds, fruits, and also plants such as grass. Animals are living things that need food, both wild animals, pets, and those that are usually farmed. The types of animals are very diverse, as well as the types of animals that are grouped based on the type of food eaten. There are carnivores , omnivores , and also herbivores.
This article will discuss more fully about plant-eating animals, namely Herbivores.
I. Definition of Herbivorous Animals
Herbivores are animals that live on land. This is because the food source comes from the mainland.
The herbivore group has wide molars, which can’t be used to shred meat. There is also a group of birds that do not have teeth, but the organs of the crop. The cache in the digestive system of poultry serves as a pouch for storing food.
Some of this group of plant-eating animals can eat a variety of plants on earth, but the energy produced from plants is only about 10 percent of what goes to these animals.
II. Types of Herbivores
These plant-eating animals have their own group, and are classified based on the object of their food. There are 4 kinds of groups, namely:
- Granivores . Animals that eat plants in the form of seeds.
- Nectivora. Animals that eat plant species in the form of flower essence or nectar.
- Frugivorous. Animals that eat plants in the form of fruits.
- folivorous . Plant-eating animals in the form of leaves.
Each of the above animal groups has a different way of eating, and a different digestive system. The following are the characteristics of the various types of herbivores.
III. Characteristics of Herbivorous Animal Types
The main characteristics of herbivores are plant-eating animals, while other characteristics are:
- The molars are used to tear fibrous and hard plants.
- The incisors are used to cut food before it is chewed.
- Herbivores require more energy than omnivores and carnivores.
- Reproduce vivipara or give birth.
- Members of mammals (mammals).
- Some members usually live in groups
- Vertebrates or vertebrates .
- Spend more time eating.
- Animals Animals that can produce their own food.
- Easy to find around the human environment.
Animals from the herbivore group are easy to find around the human environment, because many of these animals are bred. Herbivorous farm animals are easy and inexpensive to care for, and the food for these animals is abundant.
IV. Examples of Herbivorous Animals
An explanation of plant-eating animals, as well as knowing the types, and studying the characteristics of these animal groups, then provides some examples of herbivores.
10 Examples of Herbivorous Animals, namely:
Butterflies are a type of Nektivora , because they eat nectar and suck flower nectar. These beautiful animals usually rarely eat, but more often drink the nutrients contained in the water. How to get these nutrients by sucking food using a proboscis called Proboscis , and is in the mouth.
There is a phase when the butterfly is still an insect, which is when the caterpillar consumes a lot of food. There are various types of food consumed by butterflies, in addition to pollen and nectar, namely:
- Rotten fruit is a favorite food of this beautiful animal.
- Butterflies love the sap from trees which contains a lot of nutrients.
- Animal and bird droppings.
even beautiful butterflies eat the type of food that is classified as disgusting like dirt. Animal manure must be fresh and new, so that it is easy to suck and contains a lot of mineral substances.
Rabbits come from the mammalian class of the Leporidae species . These animals are widely used as pets, because of their cute shape, of course the food is also easy to get, you don’t even have to buy. The types of food that are required to be purchased are: vegetables, fruits, and sweet potatoes, while the food obtained directly from nature is in the form of weeds.
Different types of food will have different nutrients. Therefore, rabbits include animals that have a high tolerance in terms of food, and it depends on the types of rabbits.
Food for small rabbits (aged < 2 months) must be softer because they do not have a perfect digestive system, such as: kangkong and mustard greens. Meanwhile, the Angora rabbit, which has thick fur, will damage the fur if you feed it the wrong way. Food that can not damage the feathers is dry grass, or the like.
Goats are usually used as livestock, where milk and goat meat can be taken advantage of. Goats must pay attention to their nutritional intake, because almost 90% of their food comes from green leaves. However, the food also comes from pelleted grains in order to add protein, minerals, and also vitamin intake.
These marsupials are found in Australia. Kangaroo food comes from plants such as grass, flowers, leaves, and also moss, because these animals are herbivores.
This animal has various groups, namely Red, Gray, and Antilopine. Antilopine kangaroos have a habit of eating in areas of short green grass, in addition to grass, Red kangaroos also eat flowering plants. There are 2 different species of gray kangaroo, namely eastern gray and western gray, both of which can eat grass.
Similar to goats, cows are also livestock that are taken advantage of by humans in the form of milk and meat. Its main diet is grass and leaves. However, cows are also fed grains, bran mixed with water, and also crushed fish bones.
One of the mammals that have a large body size is the elephant. The elephant takes its food in the form of grass and weeds using its trunk, then puts it in its mouth.
Giraffes have long necks that make it easy to get food in the form of leaves, seeds, and fruit, as well as shoots on tall trees. The foliage of the Acacia tree, and Mimosa tree is a favorite food of giraffes. Its height reaches 5.5 meters, and has a neck and leg length of 1.8 meters.
One species of deer which is an animal that eats all kinds of plants is the White Tailed Deer. Not much different from other herbivorous members, grass is also the staple food of deer. In addition to grass, there are also various kinds of beans, alfalfa plants (plants that fix nitrogen , control weeds, and can also improve soil structure), fruits, mushrooms, and corn.
In certain seasons, deer will find it difficult to find food, especially in winter. When winter comes, deer eat mostly twigs and bark from wood.
Goose is a species of poultry and is used as livestock for meat and eggs. Fresh vegetables such as kale, spinach, and mustard greens are the staple food of geese.
Bees eat flower pollen and also pollen. Sometimes these animals also take certain shoots that contain sugar or sweet taste.
The ten examples of animals above are able to illustrate the explanation, and characteristics of herbivorous animals. To better understand the differences between animals based on their energy source or food category, also learn about carnivores (meat-eating animals), and omnivores (both meat-eating animals and plants).